Saturday, 12 October 2019

John Von Neumann Biography | John Von Neumann Life History & Facts

John Von Neumann Life History & Facts

John Von Neumann: John Von Neumann was one of the preeminent scientists, along with being a great mathematician and physicist. He was an early pioneer in fields such as game theory, nuclear deterrence, and modern computing. He made contributions to quantum physics, functional analysis, set theory, economics, computer science, topology, hydrodynamics, etc. Von Neumann's intellect was dizzying.

He was born on December 28, 1903, as Neumann Janos Lajos (Hungarian names have the family name first) in Budapest, Hungary to Neumann Miksa, a lawyer who worked in a bank, and Kann Margit.

John was an extraordinary prodigy. At the age of six, he could divide two 8-digit numbers in his head and converse with his father in ancient Greek. John Von was already very interested in maths, the nature of numbers and the logic of the the world around him. By eight, he had mastered calculus and by twelve, he was at the graduate level in mathematics. In 1911, Von Neumann entered the Lutheran Gymnasium. The school had a the strong academic tradition which seemed to count for more than the religious affiliation both in Neumann's eyes and in those of the school.

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Von Neumann completed his education at the Lutheran Gymnasium in 1921. However, his father did not want his son to take up a subject that would not bring him wealth. Max Neumann asked Theodore von Karman to speak to his son and persuade him to follow a career in business. Finally, all agreed on the compromise the subject of chemistry for Von Neumann's university studies.

He received his Ph.D. in mathematics (with minors in experimental physics and chemistry) from the University of Budapest at the age of 23.He published a definition of ordinal numbers when he was 20, the definition is the one used today.Von Neumann received his diploma in chemical engineering from the Technische Hochschule in Zürich in 1926.

By the age of 25, Von Neumann had published ten major papers; and by the age of 30, nearly three dozen. He became the co-editor of the Annals of Mathematics in 1933 and,two years later, he became the co-editor of Compositio Mathematica. He held both these editorships until his death.

 John Von Neumann was married twice. His first wife was Mariette Kovesi, whom he married in 1930. He agreed to convert to Catholicism to placate her family. Von Neumann and Marietta had a little girl Marina in 1936, yet their marriage finished in separation, in 1937.The next year, he wedded Klara Dan, likewise from Budapest, whom he met on one of his European visits. After marrying, they sailed to the United States and made their home in Princeton.

During and after World War II, Von Neumann served as a consultant to the armed forces. From 1940, he was an individual from the Scientific Advisory Committee at the Ballistic Research Laboratories at the Aberdeen Proving Ground in Maryland. Von Neumann also helped develop the first electronic computer, the ENIAC, at the University of Pennsylvania.

He received two Presidential Awards, the Medal for Merit in 1947 and the Medal for Freedom in 1956. He had also received the Albert Einstein Commemorative Award and the Enrico Fermi Award in 1956. In 1938, he was granted the Bôcher Memorial Prize for his work in analysis.

Perhaps, all deaths can be considered to come too early. John Von Neumann's own death came far too early. He died on February 8, 1957. He was diagnosed with bone cancer or pancreatic cancer, possibly caused by exposure to radioactivity while observing A-bomb tests in the Pacific, and possibly in later work on nuclear weapons at Los Alamos, New Mexico. He died within a few months of the initial diagnosis, in excruciating pain. When he died, he was developing a theory of the structure of the human brain.

It is regularly said that cutting edge science is huge to such an extent that nobody can know in excess of a minor portion of it.Somebody once solicited Von Neumann how much from the science he himself knew. He went into one of his characteristic thinking trances. After a minute, he had an answer, "Twenty-eight percent."

Thursday, 10 October 2019

John Lennon Biography | John Lennon Life History & facts

Biography John Lennon Life History & facts 

John Lennon: John Winston Lennon, later John Ono Lennon, was best known as a singer, songwriter, and guitarist for The Beatles. His inventive profession additionally incorporated the jobs of a solo performer, political lobbyist, craftsman, on-screen character and creator. As half of the amazing Lennon McCartney songwriting group, he intensely affected the improvement of shake music, driving it towards progressively genuine and political messages. 

John Winston Lennon born

John Lennon was born on October 9, 1940, in Liverpool England. When he was four years old, his parents separated and he moved to his aunt Mimi. As a youngster, John was a prankster and he delighted in getting in trouble. As a boy and a young adult, he enjoyed drawing grotesque figures and cripples. One of the purposes behind his fixation on challenged people and distortions was a direct result of the Death of his mother Julia. John's school ace idea that John could go to a workmanship school for school since he didn't get decent evaluations in school, yet had creative talent. He made it to art school but was not allowed to play Rock and Roll 

During his college days, John met a woman by the name of Cynthia Powell, who became his first wife. As a child, he lived a life of uninterrupted calm. He did not recall feeling desperately sad or unusually happy. Unfortunately that quiet was all of a sudden broken when his mom kicked the bucket before his eighteenth birthday. John considered his aunt, the greatest person. They lived in a little house, with frilly blinds at the windows, and an old apple tree in the front garden. When John was away from home, he thought about an aunt, Mimi, and her frilly curtains and her apple tree, and he realized how fortunate he was. Because however his mom was detracted from him, he was given something valuable in return.

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At the age of sixteen, he created a group called the Quarry Man. They performed at school. One day, Paul McCartney was introduced to him. At this point, John asked Paul if he could join the group, and he accepted the next day. Paul McCartney introduced George Harrison to John Lennon. The first recording they made was called That will be the day by Buddy Holly. 

John Lennon Beatles

John thought of the name Beatles for the gathering. He had a dream when he was 12 years of age - a man showed up on a Flaming Pie and said unto them, 'From this day on you are Beatles with an 'A'. 
The Beatles were found by Brian Epstein in the Cavern, where they were performing. After Brian found the Beatles, he turned into their chief. The Beatles discharged their first single Love me Do, with George Martin as their maker. This tune went up the outlines the second day it was released. Love Me Do get up to 17.The Beatles, first number one graph was Please Me composed by John Lennon. This song was inspired primarily by Roy Orbison but also fed by John's infatuation with the pun in Bing Crosby's famous Please, lend your little ears to my Please.

John Lennon Married Life 

John married Cynthia Powell in August 1962 and they had a child together who they called Julian. Cynthia depicted John as "Harsh, prepared and not her sort by any stretch of the imagination, however, had an irresistible character". Since the Beatles were becoming very popular at that time, Cynthia had to keep a very low profile. John Lennon divorced Cynthia and remarried with Yoko Ono, whom he met at the Indica Gallery in November 1966. In 1970, the Beatles broke up, after Paul McCartney announced that he was leaving the Beatles. After the Beatles broke up, John Lennon went his way. He has begun doing this by discharging his first independent collection, Imagine.

In 1972, John Lennon gave a charity concert. The concert was held in Madison Square Garden on August 30, 1972, to help improve the living conditions of the mentally handicapped children. Beginning with the Toronto Peace Festival in 1969, John with Yoko did a progression of shake shows as their announcement of Peace and Love, and to highlight different social issues effectively. All proceeds from the concerts were given to the needy. This show in Madison Square nursery ended up being the last show John did with the Plastic Ono Band. In 1972, the Vietnam War protest was at its height. The Feminist Movement was in a phase of awakening. The concert was filled with the love of brotherhood and sisterhood. Everybody joined in on the stage at the end when they sang, Give Peace a chance. People couldn't contain themselves and walked down Fifth Avenue after the exhibition, singing Give Peace a Chance. John Lennon performed with his new band called the Plastic Ono Band.

 In 1973, John and Yoko separated for 14 months, because of all the public pressure and problems they were going through. John went to Los Angeles and he was single again after a long time. He became drunk and was only partying.May Pang turned into John's partner during this time as guidance. During this time, people began seeing more of John. He recorded different records like Mind Games, Rock, and Roll, Walls and Bridges, etc. He worked with Ringo on his album, David Bowie with his "Fame" album and also with Elton John during this time. After going through all this, John realized that there was not really anybody that loves him, besides Yoko. So he returned back to Yoko. He realized that he really loved her and could not live without her.

On October 9, 1975, Yoko gave birth to John's other son Sean. As a devoted father, he left his music career for the next five years. But then he realized that there is no life without music. He started writing songs with ease since there was no pressure. John composed every one of the tunes on Double Fantasy in a time of 3 weeks. This collection was composed, recorded, and discharged in 1980. When John was singing and writing this album, he was visualizing everybody in his age group. Unfortunately, John was shot before his high rise in New York while he was discharging another collection, Milk, and Honey, John passed on at the age of 40 in Roosevelt Hospital on December 8, 1980, after receiving multiple gunshots in the back. 

John Lennon Songs

The Double Fantasy is a great album, which contains one ironic title song, Just like starting over. John was just starting over again when he was killed. John was not a follower, but a leader and was always fighting for people's rights. He was a person who cares for other people and expressed himself by making different political statements. He was not only a great music writer but also an excellent pop artist and did a lot in the Rock and Roll music world. John cannot and will never be replaced by anybody. His songs will live forever in our hearts and minds.

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Tuesday, 8 October 2019

President of the USA "John F. Kennedy" Biography Essay on Short Words

John F. Kennedy USA President History of Life 

John F. Kennedy:John F. Kennedy was the president of the USA from 1961 until his assassination in 1963.He was killed by an assassin's bullets as his motorcade wound through Dallas, Texas. Kennedy was the youngest man elected as a President, and the youngest to die. 

John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born on May 29, 1917, at Brookline (Massachusetts). His father Joseph Kennedy was an ambitious politician, who became from the son of a bookkeeper to a millionaire. He married the daughter of the mayor of Boston, Rose Fitzgerald.John F. Kennedy was their second son. During World War II their eldest son lost his life when his airplane exploded above the Canal.

John F. Kennedy Facts:- 

Kennedy learned at Harvard and after he had completed, he likewise needed to serve in the war. As lieutenant of the PT 109 he used to be wrecked, yet he endures and in light of his gallantry, he spared the lives of his crew.

 In 1952, he became a senator of Massachusetts. In 1956, he nearly ended up a running mate of Adlai Stevenson, yet lost to Estes Kefauver of Tennessee: in any case, they lost the elections. In 1958, he won reelection in Massachusetts by 875,000 votes, the largest majority in the state's history.He was chosen for president in November 1960, after a not exactly simple political race challenge. He vanquished Richard Nixon and turned into the most youthful (43) to be chosen for the White House in American history 'till at that point. As opposed to Al Smith in 1928 (first Catholic presidential competitor), Kennedy was chosen regardless of being Catholic. 

The 35th, first Catholic, president finished his debut address on January 20, in 1961 with the accompanying words: "My kindred residents of the world: ask not what America will do for you, however, what together we can accomplish for the opportunity of man". 

During his administration, he passed two emergencies which had to do with Cuba.The first in April 1961, at the Bay of Pigs, was an ambush on Cuba.It was an arrangement created by the CIA under the Eisenhower Administration. Castro's troops quickly defeated the landing attempt. It was a disappointment for the Kennedy Administration, which can be clarified by misinformation he had gotten from the military, the CIA, and numerous liberals. 

The Cuba crisis in 1962 is a much more complicated crisis, caused by the placing of intermediate-range missiles in Cuba by the Russians.

John F. Kennedy Life 

When Kennedy found out the world was close to nuclear war in October 1962, Kennedy's military consultants recommended an immediate airstrike. But Kennedy's sibling, the military and lawyer general Robert Kennedy dissented because the US would act like Japan with Pearl Harbor and lose its faith. The president instituted a naval blockade against Russian ships and demanded the removal of the missiles. After about seven days, the Russians concurred and Kennedy vowed not to attack Cuba.

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In 1961, Kennedy passed the Berlin Crisis. The problem of West an East Berlin was not solved and it became even worse in August 1001 because of the construction of the Berlin Wall.

The Cold War had its downs when Kennedy was the president of the USA, but also its ups. A"hotline' safeguarded quick correspondence between the Kremlin and White House for times of emergency compromising the harmony. The two governments turned out to be progressively tranquil and in 1963 they marked the Test Ban Treaty, which prohibited environmental testing of atomic weapons. 

During his administration, the interior strategy existed for a significant piece of approach for equivalent rights for all natives. Kennedy needed to manage a ton of opposition and a large portion of his bills were rejected. He had plans 10 improve the social policy, but only under his successor Johnson most of Kennedy's ideas were accepted by Congress.

On November 22, 1963, Kennedy visited Dallas with his wife Jackie. He was shot during a riding visit in an open limousine and kicked the bucket after about 30 minutes. As indicated by the official Warren-report, Lee Harvey Oswald slaughtered the president, yet there is not kidding question about this as a result of numerous unusual things.For instance, the perishing of numerous observers, the executing of Oswald and the issue of how one projectile could have murdered the President and furthermore hit the Governor of Texas. 

The sad fact is that John F. Kennedy was just forty-six years old when he died and left a wife and two children.

Saturday, 28 September 2019

John Keats BIOGRAPHY || Life HISTORY- Essay On Short Words

John Keats BIOGRAPHY-About Life History 

John Keats :John Keats was one of England's greatest poets. He is especially known for his love of the country and sensuous descriptions of the beauty of nature, his poetry also resonated with deep philosophic questions. Elaborate word choice and sensual imagery characterize Keats' poetry.

 John Keats was born on October 13, 1795, in Moorfields, London. His father died when he was eight and his mother when he was 14; these sad circumstances drew him particularly close to his two brothers, George and Tom, and his sister, Frances Mary.

Keats was accomplished at a school in Enfield, where he started an interpretation of Virgil's Aeneid. 
Keats, who was scarcely five feet tall, was not known at school for his excitement for books, however his battling. "My brain has been the most malcontented and anxious one that at any point was placed into a body unreasonably little for it," he wrote, 
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John Keats about Life history

In 1810, he was apprenticed to an apothecary-surgeon. His first attempts at writing poetry dated from about 1814, and included an 'Imitation of the Elizabethan poet, Edmund Spenser.

 In 1816, he became a Licentiate of the Society of Apothecaries and was allowed to practice surgery.
Before giving himself completely to verse, Keats filled in as a dresser and junior house specialist. 
In London, he had met Leigh Hunt, the proofreader of the main liberal magazine of the day, The Examiner. He acquainted Keats with other youthful sentimental people, including Shelley, and distributed in the magazine Keats' poem, O Solitude.

Keats's first book, Poems, was published in 1817. Sales were poor. It was about this time, Keats began to utilize his letters as the vehicle of his considerations of poetry. They mixed the everyday events of his own life with comments with his correspondence. Among other T.S. Eliot considered the letters in The Use of Poetry and the Use of Criticism "positively the most remarkable and most significant at any point composed by any English artist," yet also said about Keats' renowned Hyperion: "it contains extraordinary lines, yet I don't know whether it is an incredible poem.

"His greatest works were written in the late 1810s, among them Lamia, The Eve of St.Agnes, the extraordinary tributes and two renditions of Hyperion. He worked quickly as a dramatic pundit for The Champion. 

Keats visited the north of England and Scotland in the late spring of 1818, returning home to nurture his sibling, Tom, who was sick with tuberculosis. After Tom's passing in December, he moved into a companion's home in Hampstead, presently known as Keats House. There he met and fell profoundly infatuated with a youthful neighbor, Fanny Brawne. During the next year, in spite of sick wellbeing and money-related issues, he composed a shocking measure of verse, including The Eve of St Agnes', La Belle Dame sans Merci, OdeAgnes, the extraordinary tributes and two variants of Hyperion. He worked quickly as a dramatic pundit for The Champion. Keats visited the north of England and Scotland in the late spring of 1818, returning home to nurture his sibling, Tom, who was sick with tuberculosis. After Tom's passing in December, he moved into a companion's home in Hampstead, presently known as Keats House.There he met and fell profoundly infatuated with a youthful neighbor, Fanny Brawne. During the next year, notwithstanding sick wellbeing and budgetary issues, he composed an astounding measure of verse, including The Eve of St Agnes', La Belle Dame sans Merci, Ode to a Nightingale and Autumn. 
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John Keats life 

His second volume of ballads showed up in July 1820. It gained a huge critical success. However, Keats was experiencing around then tuberculosis. 

Keats mobilized a little from the outset, and had the option to go for delicate strolls and rides, however by early December, he was kept to bed, incredibly sick with a high fever.Severn nursed him devotedly throughout the next few distressing and painful weeks. Keats died peacefully, clasping his friend's hand, on February 23, 1821.

In spite of early harsh criticism, Keats's reputation grew after his death. The poet's letters were published in 1848 and 1878. His works have influenced among others The Pre-Raphaelites, Oscar Wilde, and Alfred Tennyson.

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Pandit Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar BIOGRAPHY || Life HISTORY Essay On Short Words

Pandit Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar 

Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar: Pandit Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, a Sanskrit pandit, was an educator, reformer, writer, and a philanthropist. He was considered to be one of the greatest intellectuals and activists of the nineteenth century.

Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was born in 1820 in a Brahmin family at Birmingham in Midnapore district. His parents, though poor, managed to send him to Calcutta (now Kolkata) for studies after he finished his early education at the village pathshala. Ishwar studied at the Sanskrit College, Calcutta (now Kolkata) from 1829 to 1841. He bagged all the prizes and scholarships for the best performance. Evaluating his performance in various courses - poetry, rhetoric, Vendanta, Smrti, astrology and logic, the College Committee endowed Ishwar Chandra with the title of Vidyasagar (sea of knowledge) in 1839.

At the age of 21, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar started his career as the head pandit of the Fort William College, Calcutta (now Kolkata).

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Pandit Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar 

He joined the Sanskrit College as a professor in 1850. In the following year, he became the principal of the college. Concurrently, with his Sanskrit College position, the government entrusted him in 1855 with the added responsibility of the Special Inspector of Schools for the districts of Hooghly, Burdwan, Midnapore, and Nadia. He was likewise a privileged office conveyor of a few associations including Asiatic Society and Bethune Society. In 1858, he was made one of the first fellows of the Calcutta University. Ishwar received a certificate of Honour at the Imperial Assemblage in January 1877 and in January 1880, was made a CIE. He additionally got distinctions and felicitations from numerous social, social and logical organizations. 

Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was not truly a writer in the sense that Bankimchandra and others of his time were. His writings were instructive, reformative and utilitarian, not creative. His earliest works including Mahabharata Upakramanika (serialized in the Tattvabodhini Patrika (1843-44) and Vetalapanchavinshall (1847), were translations.

The majority of his works, 32 in all, were directly or indirectly translations from Sanskrit, Hindi, and English. These were mainly textbooks addressed to school students. His only independent scholarly study, but which remains obscure among the generality, is Sanskrit Bhasa O Sanskrit Sahitya Shastra Bisyak Prastab (Propositions on Sanskrit Language and Literature. 1853). But though a textbook writer essentially. Vidyasagar is rated by the established writers of his own time as an art writer and inspiring educator. In his hands, the Bangla prose style took a new turn. According to critics. Vidyasagar inaugurated a new era in the Bangla prose literature.

A reformer of Bangla prose style, Vidyasagar as a writer had consciously avoided the new but affected prosody pursued by the orientalists at Fort William College, the pedantic and obscurantist style of Rammohan Roy and his followers, and the unrefined linguistic structure of the contemporary newspapers and periodicals. Instead, he charted out for himself a new course which soon laid the foundation of the modern Bangla prose. Here lies the uniqueness of Vidyasagar's contributions.

Since his style found expression in his textbooks essentially and since his books were prescribed commonly in all government and vernacular schools until the early years of the twentieth century, several generations of writers, officers and professionals were very directly and permanently influenced by the Vidyasagarian prose style, the hallmark of which was a grand synthesis of past and present techniques of Bangla language and literature.

Vidyasagar was a great reformer and thinker. In his Banglar Itihas, he has aptly shown, contrary to Marshman's theory, the marked syncretic and synthetic trends of Bengal's social and cultural developments. Though personally an orthodox Hindu, Ishwar Chandra perceived other religionists entirely secularly.

Pandit Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar 

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Vidyasagar's improving personality has discovered most solid articulation in his socio-religious musings. He brought up issues about early marriage, polygamy, widow remarriage, and numerous different ills smothering social developments.  Most of his reform thoughts were embodied in his two famous works: Bidhababibaha Prachalita Hoya Uchit Kitna Etadvisayak Prastab, 2 vols. Polygamy, widow remarriage, youngster marriage were touchy issues because these were upheld by the Hindu religion.

Vidyasagar did not mean to hurt the religious sentiments of the common people by directly attacking the evils. In defense of his arguments, he profusely drew instances from the Shastras and other classical texts, a stratagem which had a tremendous impact on the people. His sastra-based and humorous arguments made the defenders of those social evils largely defenseless, though many of the conservatives maligned him savagely. The institution of the Act of 1856, authorizing widow remarriage and the Civil Marriage Act of 1872, limiting plural marriage and kid marriage and empowering widow remarriage, owed a great deal to Vidyasagar, whose writings and activities had helped to create public opinion in favor of these issues.

As Special Inspector of Schools, Vidyasagar used his position to encourage landholders and other solvent people to establish educational institutions. Within his inspection zone, he was instrumental in founding dozens of schools, several of which were for girls. Some schools were set up at his drive and with his monetary support.

Vidyasagar's monumental contribution to educational institution building was his Calcutta Metropolitan Institution, a model college with attached schools, which he established in 1864 at his own cost. He also funded the erection of the magnificent building housing the Metropolitan Institution. Vidyasagar's philanthropy was proverbial. It is said that a large portion of the cash that he got from his pay and his eminences was kept saved for helping the distressed.

His stature as an educator, reformer, writer and philanthropist grew to such a height that, at his death on July 29, 1891, the whole nation, irrespective of race, religion, and caste, mourned. The papers and magazines distributed tribute and highlight hailing his deeds and accomplishments; artists and essayists, including Rabindranath Tagore, composed lyrics and highlights in his memory. In these remembrances and recollections, Vidyasagar was rated as the greatest man of the century. The evaluation remains unchanged even today.

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru||Essay BIOGRAPHY|| LIfe HISTORY

Monday, 22 July 2019

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru||Essay BIOGRAPHY|| Life HISTORY

LIfe HISTORY Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru Essay on Short Words 

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru:Jawaharlal Nehru, also known as Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, was one of the foremost leaders of Indian freedom struggle. He was the most loved devotee of Mahatma Gandhi and later on proceeded to turn into the main Prime Minister of India. He was enamored with kids and kids used to lovingly call him Chacha Nehru.

Jawaharlal Nehru was born on November 14, 1889. His father Motilal Nehru was a renowned Allahabad based barrister. His mother's name was Swaroop Rani. He was the only son of Motilal Nehru. However, he had three sisters. The Nehrus were Saraswat Brahmin of the Kashmiri lineage.

Nehru received education in some of the finest schools and universities of the world. He did his tutoring from Harrow and finished his Law degree from Trinity College, Cambridge.The seven years he spent in England augmented his points of view and he gained a reasonable and distrustful outlook. He sampled the Fabian socialism and Irish nationalism, which added to his patriotic dedication. 

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Nehru came back to India in 1912 and began lawful practice. He married Kamala Nehru in 1916. Jawaharlal Nehru joined the Home Rule League in 1917. His genuine commencement into legislative issues came two years after the fact when he interacted with Mahatma Gandhi in 1919. At that time, Gandhiji had launched a campaign against the Rowlatt Act. Nehru was in a flash pulled in to Gandhi's dedication for dynamic yet quiet, 'affable insubordination'.Gandhi himself saw guarantee and India's future in the youthful Jawaharlal Nehru. 

The Nehru family changed their lifestyle according to Mahatma Gandhi's teachings. Jawaharlal and Motilal Nehru surrendered western garments and tastes for costly belongings and pastimes. They now wore Khadi Kurta and a Gandhi cap. Jawaharlal Nehru took an active part in the Non-Cooperation Movement (1920-1922) and was arrested for the first time during the movement. He was released after a few months.

Nehru was chosen President of the Allahabad Municipal Corporation in 1924 and served for a long time as the city's boss executive. This proved to be a valuable administrative experience which stood him in good stead later on when he became the prime minister of the country. He utilized his residency to grow state-funded instruction, social insurance, and sanitation.He surrendered in 1926 referring to resistance from government employees and block from British experts. 

From 1926 to 1928, he filled in as the general secretary of the All India Congress Committee. In 1928-29, the Congress' yearly session under President Motilal Nehru was held. During that session, Jawaharlal Nehru and Subhash Chandra Bose sponsored a call for full political freedom, while Motilal Nehru and others needed territory status inside the British Empire.To determine the point, Gandhi said that the British would be given two years to concede India territory status. On the off chance that they didn't, the Congress would dispatch a national battle for full, political freedom.Nehru and Bose diminished the season of the chance to one year. The British did not respond.

 In December 1929, Congress' yearly session was held in Lahore and Jawaharlal Nehru was chosen as the President of the Congress Party. During that session, a goal requesting India's autonomy was passed and on January 26, 1930, in Lahore, Jawaharlal Nehru spread out free India's flag. Gandhiji gave a call for the Civil Disobedience Movement in 1930. 

When the British proclaimed the Government of India Act 1935, the Congress Party chose to challenge decisions.Nehru avoided the decisions however battled energetically across the country for the gathering. The Congress framed governments in pretty much every territory and won the biggest number of seats in the Central Assembly. Nehru was chosen for the Congress administration in 1936, 1937, and 1946, and came to involve a situation in the patriot development second just to that of Gandhi. Jawaharlal Nehru was arrested in 1942 during the Quit India Movement. Released in 1945, he took the main part in the arrangements that finished in the rise of the domains of India and Pakistan in August 1947. 

In 1947, he turned into the primary Prime Minister of free India. He adequately adapted to the imposing difficulties of those occasions: the scatters and a mass migration of minorities over the new outskirt with Pakistan, the coordination of 500-odd august states into the Indian Union, the confining of another Constitution, and the foundation of the political and managerial framework for a parliamentary democracy.

Jawaharlal Nehru played a key role in building modem India. He set up a Planning Commission, empowered the improvement of science and innovation, and propelled three progressive five-year plans. His strategies prompted a sizable development in farming and mechanical generation.Nehru likewise assumed a noteworthy job in creating autonomous India's remote policy. He called for liquidation of colonialism in Asia and Africa and along with Tito and Nasser, was one of the chief architects of the Non-aligned Movement. He played a productive, mediatory job in finishing the Korean War and in settling other worldwide emergencies, for example, those over the Suez Canal and the Congo, offering India's administrations for assuagement and worldwide policing. He contributed behind the scenes towards the solution of several other explosive issues, such as those of West Berlin, Austria, and Laos.

 But Nehru could not improve India's relations with Pakistan and China. The Kashmir issue proved a stumbling block in reaching an accord with Pakistan, and the border dispute prevented a resolution with China. The Chinese attack in 1962, which Nehru neglected to foresee, came as an incredible hit to him and most likely rushed his demise. He died of a heart attack on May 27, 1964.

J. R. D. Tata Life HISTORY || J. R. D. Tata Biography

J. R. D. Tata -Life History 

J. R. D. Tata: Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhoy Tata was a pioneer aviator and important businessman of India.He had the pleasure of being India's first pilot. Tata was also the Chairman of Tata & Sons for 50 years. He launched the Indian International as India's first international airline. He received the Bharat Ratna in the year 1992.

Tata was born on July 29, 1904, in Paris.He was the second child of Mr. Ratanji Dadabhoy Tata. He spent much of his childhood in France since his mother was French while his father was a Parsi. He was instructed in France, Japan, and England before being drafted into the French Army for a compulsory one year period.JRD wanted to extend his service in the force, but destiny had something else in store for him. By leaving the French Army, JRD's life was saved, because shortly thereafter, the regiment in which he served was wiped out during an expedition to Morocco.

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 In 1922, Tata came back to India to join the privately-run company. He acquired the vast majority of his granddad Jamshedji's modern realm however first turned into a pioneer in aeronautics. He had an extraordinary character with an appeal and style of his own. 

After his dad's passing in 1926, Tata turned into the executive of the Board of Tata Sons Ltd. Eventually, in 1938, he became the chairman of the company.|Under his authority, Tata Sons ventured into one of the biggest modern domain in the nation from ironworks and steelworks into synthetic substances, lodgings, designing and bunches of other Industries. 

In 1945, Tata Steel promoted the Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company (TELCO) to produce locomotives for the Indian Railways. Today Telco has risen as the nation's biggest business vehicle maker. 

JRD was the trustee of Sir Dorabji Tata Trust from its beginning in 1932, which stayed under the care of him for over a large portion of a century. Under his guidance, this Trust established Asia's first cancer hospital, the Tata Memorial Center for Cancer, Research and Treatment, Bombay (now Mumbai) in 1941. It also founded the Tata Institute of Social Sciences, 1936 (TISS), the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, 1945 (TIFR), and the National Center for Performing Arts.

JRD Tata was the first Indian pilot to qualify for a British private license. He founded the Tata Airlines in 1932 and by 1953, it developed and came to be known as the Indian Airlines. Till 1978, Tata was the Chairman of the Indian Airlines and Air India. His innovations in India's fledgling hotel and tourist industry, as well as his contributions to scientific and technical research and corporate management, gained public recognition from the Indian Government. JRD Tata received several awards. He got the Padma Vibhushan in 1957 on the eve of the silver celebration of Air India. He likewise got the Guggenheim Medal for flying in 1988. 

In 1992, as a result of his caring helpful undertakings, JRD Tata was granted India's most astounding non-military personnel respect, the Bharat Ratnaone of the rarest occasions wherein this honor was allowed during a person's lifetime. In that year, JRD Tata was additionally presented with the United Nations Population Award for his crusading attempts towards starting and effectively actualizing the family arranging development in India, much before it turned into an official government strategy. 

JRD Tata kicked the bucket in Geneva, Switzerland on November 29, 1993, at 89 years old.