Short Essay Dr. Rajendra Prasad
Dr. Rajendra Prasad: One of the architects of the Indian Constitution, Rajendra Prasad was a great leader of the Indian Nationalist Movement. He was chosen as the main President of the Republic of India. Rajendra Prasad was a pivotal pioneer of the Indian Independence Movement, who left his worthwhile calling to partake in the patriot development of India. He was also awarded Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award.
He was born on Dec. 3, 1884, into a big joint family of Mahadev Sahay in the Siwan district of Bihar, near Chhapra. His father Mahadev Sahay was a researcher of Persian and Sanskrit dialect while his mom Kamleshwari Devi was a religious woman.
His parents put him under a Maulavi learn the Persian language followed by Hindi and arithmetic, when Rajendra Prasad was five years old After the fulfillment of customary rudimentary training Rajendra Prasad was sent to the Chhapra District School. At 12 years old, Rajendra Prasad was hitched to Rajavanshi Devi. He, alongside his senior sibling Mahendra Prasad, at that point proceeded to learn at R.K. Ghosh’s Academy in Patna.
Rajendra Prasad was a brilliant student, since childhood. He stood first in the selection test to the University of Calcutta and was granted Rs.30 every month as a grant. In 1902, Rajendra Prasad Joined the Presidency College. He was at first an understudy of science and his instructors included J.C.Bose and Prafulla Chandra Roy. Later he decided to switch his focus to the arts. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was instrumental in the development of the Bihari Students’ Conference in 1906. It was the main association of its sort in the entire of India. The move created the whole political administration of the twenties in Bihar.
He served in various educational institutions as a teacher. After completing his MA in economics, he became a professor at the Bhumihar Brahman College (Now Langat Singh College) in Muzaffarpur, Bihar and went on to become the principal. However, later on, he left the school for his lawful investigations. In 1909, while seeking after his law thinks about in Kolkata he likewise filled in as Professor of Economics at Calcutta City College. In 1915, Prasad appeared in the examination of Masters in Law, passed the examination and won a gold medal. He then completed his Doctorate in Law.
Rajendra Prasad used to rehearse his Law and concentrates at Bhagalpur In Bihar and at the end developed as a well known and famous figure of the whole district. In 1916, Rajendra Prasad joined the High Court of Bihar and Orissa. Such was his keenness and his respectability, that frequently when his enemy neglected to refer to a point of reference, the judges requested that Rajendra Prasad refers to a point of reference against himself.
He joined the Indian National Congress and was subsequently elected to the AICC in 1911. During the Champaran development, Mahatma Gandhi requested that Rajendra Prasad visit Champaran alongside alternate volunteers and partisans of the Indian National Congress. At first, Rajendra Prasad was not inspired by Gandhiji’s appearance and discussion but rather profoundly moved by the commitment, conviction, and strength of Gandhi.
He played a functioning job in helping the influenced individuals amid the 1914 surges that struck Bihar and Bengal. At the point when a quake influenced Bihar on 15 January 1934, Prasad was in prison. Amid that period, he passed on the alleviation work to his nearby associate Anugrah Narayan Sinha. He was discharged two days after the fact and set up Bihar Central Relief Committee on 17 January 1934, and took the undertaking of raising assets to help the general population himself.
He was elected as the President of the Indian National Congres during the Bombay session in October 1934 He again turned into the president when Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose surrendered in 1939. On 8 August 1942, Congress passed the Quit India Resolution in Bombay which prompted the capture of numerous Indian pioneers. He was captured from Sadaqat Ashram, Patna and sent to Bankipur Jail. In the wake of residual imprisoned for almost three years, he was discharged on 15 June 1945.
In the Interim Government, led by Jawaharlal Nehru, he got the Food and Agriculture department. Afterward, he was chosen the President of Constituent Assembly on 11 December 1946. On January 26, 1950, the Constitution of free India was endorsed and Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected the nation’s first President.
As a president of India he acted independently of political Following the tussle over the enactment of the Hindu Code Bill, he took a more active role in state affairs. In 1962, subsequent to serving twelve years as the president, he declared his choice to resign. After relinquishing the office of the President of India on May 1962, he returned to Patna on 14 May 1962 and preferred to stay in the campus of Bihar Vidyapeeth.
He wrote many books like Satyagraha at Champaran (1922), India Divided (1946), Atmakatha (1946), his autobiography during his year prison term in Bankipur Jail, Mahatma Gandhi and Bihar, Some Reminiscences (1949), Bapu Ke Kadmon Mein (1954) and Since Independence (distributed in 1960)
He died on 28 February 1963.