Ashoka was born in 304 BC as the child of the Maurya Emperor, Bindusara by a moderately lower positioned ruler named Dharma. Dharma was said to be the little girl of a poor Brahmin who brought her into the collection of mistresses of the sovereign as it was anticipated that her child would be an incredible ruler.
Ashoka had a few senior stepbrothers and only one more youthful kin, Vitthashoka, another child of Dharma. The rulers were to a great degree aggressive, however youthful Ashoka exceeded expectations in the military and scholarly teaches in which the young men were mentored. There was a lot of kin contention, particularly among Ashoka and his sibling Susima, both as warriors and as heads.
After the passing of his dad, his senior sibling, Suman was to assume control over the reins of the kingdom. Be that as it may, as the vast majority of the clergymen discovered Ashoka more proficient, they helped him accomplish control.
Ashoka was a decent overseer and at first, begin reestablishing harmony in his kingdom. This took around 3 years, after which he formally acknowledged the position of authority and was delegated the ruler in 273 BC. Amid his rule, the nation gained ground as far as science and innovation and in addition progressed in medication and medical procedure. Religion was stressed thus the general population was straightforward and direct and honest.
Ashoka, himself was an extraordinary giver and worked day and night for the welfare of his kin. He knew precisely what was happening in each piece of his tremendous domain. He would not share any of his suppers until and except if he had bolstered a thousand Brahmins
Kalinga was the first and the last fight that Ashoka at any point battled and fills in as a watermark in his life as it changed an amazing course for eternity. It was amid this war he earned the title, ‘Ashoka the Great’.
Kalinga was a prosperous little kingdom lying between the stream Godavari and Mahanadi, near the Bay of Bengal. Ashoka needed to catch this rich land, thus had it encompassed by his armed force men. Yet, the courageous and faithful individuals of Kalinga did not have any desire to lose their Independence.
A wild fight pursued, in which there were such a large number of losses. There were in excess of lakh detainees of war. Amidst the front line, Ashoka remained with the injured, disabled and the dead surrounding him. This was the outcome of his eagerness. Another light occurred to him, and he swore that he could never wage a war again.
Ashoka was started into Buddhism, after which his life was totally changed. He religiously pursued the standards of Buddhism – that of truth, philanthropy, graciousness, immaculateness, and goodness.
He did his bit towards the proliferation of this religion by etching its standards on columns all through his kingdom. The Ashoka columns, as they are currently called, were more than 40 feet high and to a great degree overwhelming. He additionally endeavored to spread this religion to Syria, Egypt, and Macedonia and sent his child, Mahendra, and girl, Sanghamitra to Sri Lanka for this reason.
Ashoka opened altruistic healing centers and dispensaries for the welfare of poor people. He planted trees to give shade and opened motels to the safe house of explorers. He likewise spread out green stops and gardens to decorate his kingdom. Wells and tanks were likewise built to serve his kin. Ashoka put stock in peacefulness thus he restricted the forfeit of creatures. Other than this, he opened facilities for fowls and creatures as well. His acts of kindness earned him the name of “Devanampriya Priyadarshi”.
He kicked the bucket in 232 BC in the wake of completing a lot of use for his kingdom and the world on the loose. Ashoka’s popularity had spread far and wide. To celebrate his standard and its suggestions, the Government of India has received the Ashoka Chakra as its national image, which can be seen until today on the national banner.