Major Dhyan Chand Life -Biography, Facts ,Hockey,
Major Dhyan Chand Singh was a former Indian hockey player and Olympian. He got the title, “Chand” or (moon) from his first coach, Pankaj Gupta, who had predicted that he would at some point shine sort of a chand or moon. Dhyan Chand was affectionately called Dadda.
Major Dhyan Chand: Dhyan Chand was born on August 29, 1905 to a Rajput family in Prayag in Uttar Pradesh . His father was an army Subedar. Soon afterwards, he moved to Jhansi where he spent his youth . After an early education, he joined the Indian Army at the age of 16, in 1922. Dhyan Chand was a Sepoy of the 14 Punjab Regiment. Subedar-Major Bhole Tiwari of the Brahmin regiment noticed his excellent dribbling skills and knack for scoring goals.
On the sector he was named the “Wizard of Hockey” for he exerted complete control on the ball. It appeared that the ball wont to stick with his sports implement while playing. So great was the magic of Dhyan Chand that the Tokyo officials broke his sports implement to look for a magnet inside. On one occasion, a woman from the audience asked Dhyan Chand to play together with her walking stick instead. He scored goals even with that.
In 1936, Dhyan Chand got the opportunity to participate in the Summer Olympics at Berlin. He captained the Indian team within the game. In a patriotic note, they raised the Indian tricolour within the room and sang Vande Mataram, an Indian nationalist song, instead of British anthem , which they were obliged to sing.
The Indians were leading 1-0 at the half time. In the second half, they scored seven goals. After trailing 0-6, the Germans are reported to possess resorted to body play. In a clash with the German goalkeeper, Dhyan Chand broke one of his teeth, but was soon back in action.
About Life History Major Dhyan Chand
The match was attended by Nazi dictator Hitler who left the sport midway as he couldn’t bear to ascertain his “racially superior” team being demolished. Sensing something amiss, Dhyan Chand was ordered to vary his stick, but the flow of goals continued. India won the match 8-1, with Dhyan Chand scoring 6 goals.
Adolf Hitler is claimed to possess left his special box up a huff, after Germany’s rout. Next day, he invited him for a meeting the following day. There are various accounts of the meeting. One is that Hitler asked Dhyan Chand what post he held in India. On learning that the hockey wizard was a mere Naik within the Indian army, Hitler offered to form Dhyan Chand a marshal , should he plan to sleep in Germany.
He politely refused, saying that he had an outsized family to seem after, in India. Another version is that Hitler called him up at the top of the match and asked him the question, “What will you’re taking to play for Germany?” To this, Dhyan Chand replied, “Nothing sir, India is my India”.
After war II, he continued to play till the age 42. Dhyan Chand hit a complete of 61 goals in 22 matches against East Africa . In 1948, he retired from the sport. After his retirement, Dhyan Chand earned a diploma in coaching from the National Institute of Sports, Patiala, Punjab. However, he found it difficult to teach something that was innate to him.
In 1956, he retired from the army with the rank of Major. The Government of India honoured him by conferring the Padma Bhushan (India’s third highest civilian honour) in that year. However, the Arjuna Award for sports excellence was never awarded to him. Dhyan Chand was very sad to ascertain India finish seventh at the Montreal Olympics, 1976. The Indian team included his son, Ashok Kumar. When he was on his deathbed in the least India Institute of Medical Sciences, he reportedly told a doctor that Indian hockey was dying. He then went into a coma and died on December 3, 1979.
Exactly a year after his death, the Indian Postal Service issued a commemorative stamp in his honour. 29th August, his birthday is celebrated as the National Sports Day in India. The President gives away sport-related awards such as the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award, Arjuna Award and Dronacharya Award on this day at the Rashtrapati Bhavan.
In 2002, the union sports ministry of India introduced a Lifetime Achievement Award in sports within the name of Dhyan Chand. Residents of Vienna, Austria honoured him by fixing his statue with four hands and 4 sticks, depicting his control and mastery over the ball. One of his statues is near the India Gate, New Delhi while another has been erected in 2005 at Medak in Andhra Pradesh .